Uncertainty Avoidance, culture, management


Uncertainty is one of the key points of international affairs and it plays a critical role in business decisions (Hofstede, 2001). This study is part of the project named “Managerial Behaviour in Romanian Organizations”, which is a wide explanatory research made by The Romanian Scientific Society of Management. We took into consideration various domains of economic activity and organizations from all over the country. The main objective of our paper is to analyze Uncertainty Avoidance (UA) as national cultural dimension. We tested UA in Romanian organizations. The research covers the period 2008 –2012. The cultural dimension under this research emphasizes the preference for strict laws and regulations over ambiguity and risk. This hypothesis was validated in this study. The results, corroborated with others, will be used for international comparison, so as to elaborate the Romanian pattern of organizational culture and managerial behavior.

Full Text : PDF

  1. Chelcea, S., 2007, Methodology of Sociological Research, Economic Publishing, Bucuresti, pp. 110-117. Book
  2. Earley, P. C. 2006, Leading cultural research in the future: A matter of paradigms and taste. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6): 922–931. Article
  3. Erdem, T., Swait, J., & Valenzuela, A. 2006. Brands as signals: A cross-country validation study. Journal of Marketing, 70(1): 34–48. Article
  4. Griffith, D. A., Cavusgil, S. T., & Xu, S. 2008, Emerging themes in international business research. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(7): 1220–1235. Article
  5. Grove, C. N., 2005, Introduction to the GLOBE Research Project on Leadership 
  6. Worldwide,
  7. Grove, C. N., 2005, Worldwide Differences in Business Values and Practices: Overview of GLOBE Research Findings, Electronic article
  8. Hofstede, G., Cultural Dimensions, 
  9. Hofstede, G., 2001, Culture's Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations, 2nd Edition, and Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications. Book
  10. Hofstede, G. J., Pedersen, P., Hofstede, G., 2002, Exploring Culture: Exercises, Stories and Synthetic Cultures, Intercultural Press. Book
  11. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., 2005, Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, 2nd Edition, and McGraw-Hill USA. Book
  12. Hofstede, G. 2006. What did GLOBE really measure? Researchers’ minds versus respondents’ minds. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6): 882–896. Article 
  13. Hofstede,G.,2008,Manual: Formulas for index calculation. 
  14. Electronic article
  15. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., Minkov, M., 2010, Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, 3rd Edition, and McGraw-Hill USA .Book
  16. Javidan, M., House, R. J., Dorfman, P. W., Hanges, P. J. & De Luquet, M. S., 2006, 
  17. Conceptualizing and measuring cultures and their consequences: a comparative review of GLOBE's and Hofstede's approaches, Journal of International Business Studies, 37. Article
  18. House, R. J., & Javidan, M., 2004, Overview of GLOBE. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds), Culture, leadership and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies: 9–28. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Book section
  19. House,R. J., Hanges, P. J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., & Gupta, V. 2004. Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Book
  20. Koopman, P., Den Hartog, D., & Konrad, E. 1999, National culture and leadership profiles in Europe: Some results from the GLOBE study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 8(4): 503–520. Article
  21. Leung, K., Bhagat, R., Buchan, N., Erez, M., & Gibson, C. 2005, Culture and international business: Recent advances and their implications for future research. Journal of International Business Studies, 36(4): 357–378. Article 
  22. Luca, A., Studiul despre valorile şi comportamentul românesc din perspectiva 
  23. dimensiunilor culturale după metoda lui Geert Hofstede, Electronic article
  24. Lungescu, D., Mihuţ, I., Studiul Dimensiuni culturale în managementul românesc, 
  25. Electronic article
  26. Marinescu, G., 2010, Management Public Modern, Editura Tehnopress, Iași. Book
  27. Marinescu, P., Managementul Instituţiilor Publice, 
  28. Marinescu/14.htm, p. 13.Electronic article
  29. Maseland, R., & van Hoorn, A. 2009, Explaining the negative correlation between values and practices: A note on the Hofstede–GLOBE debate. Journal of International Business Studies, 40(3): 527–532.  Article
  30. Mihuţ, I., 2002, Euromanagement, Editura Economică, Bucureşti. Book 
  31. Năstase, M., 2004, Cultura organizațională și managerială, Editura  ASE, București.
  32. Book
  33. Parboteeah, K. P., Addae, H., & Cullen, J. 2005a, National culture and absenteeism: An empirical test. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 13(4): 343–361.Article
  34. Ridderstråle, J., Norstrỏm, Kj., 2007, Karaoke Capitalism, Editura Publică, București. Book
  35. Roșca, C., Roșca, D., Sîrbu, M., s.a., COMOR-Exploratory Research on the Organizational Culture and the Managerial Behavior in Romania, Business and Leadership magazine, year 3, no. 1(5)/2010. Article
  36. Roşca, D., Roşca, A.S., Sîrbu, M., 2011, The Methodological Framework of COMOR Research,  Ovidius University Annals - Economic Sciences Serie, vol. XI, issue 1, pp. 1843-1847. Article
  37. Sackman, S., 2001, Cultural Complexity in Organizations, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., New York. Book
  38. Schwartz, S., Bardi, A., 2001, Value hierarchies across cultures, Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 32(3). Article
  39. Schwartz, S. H., & Bilsky, W. 1990, Toward a theory of the universal content and structure of values: Extensions and cross-cultural replications. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58(5): 878–891.  Article
  40. Shenkar, O. 2001, Cultural distance revisited: Towards a more rigorous conceptualization and measurement of cultural differences. Journal of International Business Studies, 23(3): 519–535.  Article
  41. Scholtens, B., & Dam, L., 2007,  Cultural values and international differences in business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 75(3):273–284. Article
  42. State, O., 2004, Cultura organizației și managementul, Editura ASE, București. Book
  43. Sully de Luque, M., & Javidan, M., 2004, Uncertainty avoidance. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds), Culture, leadership and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies: 602–653. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Book section
  44. Tang, L., & Koveos, P. E. 2008, A framework to update Hofstede's cultural value indices: Economic dynamics and institutional stability. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(6): 1045–1063. Article
  45. Tung, R. L. 2008, The cross-cultural research imperative: The need to balance cross-national and intra-national diversity. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(1): 41–46.
  46. Venaik, S. and Brewer, P., 2010, Avoiding uncertainty in Hofstede and GLOBE, Journal of International Business Studies 41, 1294–1315. Article 
  47. Zait, D., 2002, Management intercultural. Valorizarea diferenţelor culturale, Editura 
  48. Economică, Bucureşti, pp. 214-237.Book
  51. COMOR project