Employment, youth unemployment, device micro-enterprise, assessment, effectiveness


The purpose of this article is to present a macro-econometric quasi-experimental assessment of the device of enterprise creation: The case of the ANSEJ micro-enterprises. Our study retains the getting jobs criterion as a principal assessment. A statistical analysis of quarterly data from ANSEJ, at the national level, over the period [1999:1-2013:4], lead us to hold a regression (VAR) on variables integrated of order 1. The result of the ANSEJ device of micro-enterprises is effective for the period [2009:1-2013:4], compared to the forecasts of ANSEJ, but it is ineffective compared to the forecasts obtained by our model. This device is not generating a lot of jobs, barely two sustainable jobs per one micro-enterprise. It therefore requires as many micro-enterprises as jobs to create.

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