Nigeria, national integration, democracy, removal of fuel subsidy
Nigeria as a sovereign nation got her political Independence from the British Colonial Masters on the 1st October, 1960. She practiced democratic administration amidst of electoral violence and crisis between 1960 to 1966 and the military seized and hold onto power up to 1999 though, with a deceptive intermittent democratic rule for this period. Nigerians happily, joyfully and massively came out and elected leaders of their choice at the poll in 1999 with the enthusiasm and hope that Nigerians must have learnt their lessons to practice the long awaited democracy with the maximum cooperation of all Nigerians so that our nation could join the rest of the democratic nations of the world to enjoy the fruits and dividends of democracy. However, to the utter dismay and disappointment of rational and reasonably thinking Nigerians, the entrance into democracy by the Nigeria state was rather a curse than a blessing. It is in the light of the above that this paper examines the challenges of democratic survival between 1999-2011 in Nigeria. The paper equally concludes that the major problems of Nigeria are selfishness of Nigerians on the basis of tribal, religious and ethnic bigotry. The paper recommends that Nigerians should shun placing ethnic, religion and tribal consideration above national integration because it is only on this premise that Nigeria would thrive and survive democratically.
Full Text : PDF
- Adebayo A. (2011), ‘No More Petrol Subsidy from Today-PPPRA’ in Daily Trust (Lagos), 1 January
- Dyane A. (2012) in Ifeanyi O. (2012) “Subsidy Removal: Nigerians Won’t Suffer in Vain’ (Online).
- available from http://www.punchng.com/business/subsidy-reoval-nigerians-wont-suffer-in-vain-okonjo-iweala/. Accessed 6th January, 2012
- Jonathan G. (2011), In Olarewaju T. & Ogunesa T (2011) ‘Fuel Subsidy Removal: In Whose Interest’ (Online). Availabled from
- www.zimbo.com/nigeria/articles/G6LaHdF2JiS/Fuel+interest. Accessed 6th January, 2012
- Labaran M. in Dapo A. (2012), Subsidy Removal: We Want to Take Nigeria Out of Danger List” (Online). Available from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2012/01/subsidy-removal-tango-we-want-to-take-nigeria-out-of-danger-list. Accessed 6th January, 2012
- ‘Nigerians Rally in Los-Angeles Over Oil Subsidy’(Online). Available from www.thewillnigeria.com/general/11796-Nigeria-Rally-Los-Angeles-Over-Oil-Sub...retrieved 13/1/2012. Accessed 12th January, 2012
- Okonjo I’ N (2011), Fuel Subsidy Removal: In Whose Interest’(Online). Available from www.zimbo.com/nigeria/articles/G6LaHdF2JiS/Fuel+interest. Accessed 10th January, 2012
- Ogbonnaya O. (2012), in Odenyi O. (2012), ‘Subsidy Removal Insensitive to Nigerians- ANPP’ Vanguard (Online). Lagos, available from
- http://www.vanguard ngr.com/20112/01/subsidy-removal-insensitive-to-nigerians-anpp retrieved on 9th January, 2012.
- Tunde S. Sheriff B. Mary E. et al (2012) ‘ Nigeria: Fuel Strike Brings Country to a Halt’
- This Day(Online). Available from http://allafrica.com/stories/20120/0922-22.html retrieved on the 10/1/2012. Accessed 9th January, 2012